Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is located in the southwest of Sichuan Province, China. It is bordered by Dadu river and Ya’an city Ganzi state in the north. Its south is nearby Jinsha river and Yunnan province. Zhaotong city Yunnan province and Yibin city and Leshan city in Sichuan province is in the east. Its west is next to Ganzi state. The climate belongs to subtropical monsoon climate zone, as its northwest is high and southeast is low.
It is the largest Yi inhabited area in China and the region with the largest ethnic group and the largest ethnic minority population in Sichuan. It covers an area of 60,400 square kilometers and has jurisdiction over 17 counties and cities, with a total population of 5.21 million. There are 14 inhabitants of Yi, Han, Tibetan, Hui and Mongolian nationalities.
Daliangshan is on the important route on the ancient southern silk road to southwest China. More than two thousand years ago, the central government set up prefectures and counties here in Qin and Han Dynasty. Many famous person visited Liangshan in the history, such as Sima Qian, Zhuge Liang, the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai, famous traveler Xu Xiake, and Marco Polo. In 1935, the Chinese Red Army had the meeting in Huili and allied with Yi Nationality leader in Mianning.
Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture has 27 A grade scenic spots, including nine 4A grade scenic spots. There are
Qionghai, Lu Mountain, Luoji Mountain, Lugu Lake, Xichang Satellite Launch Center. The altitude of Lu mountain peak is 2,317 meters. Qionghai covers 31 km2, catchment area is 209 km2 and water capacity is 320 million cubic meters. There are main rivers named Xiaoqing River, Guanba River and Ezhang River. Guanba River has the largest catchment area, and it can maintain water throughout the whole year. Qionghai wetland covers twenty thousand mu, as it is the largest city ecological protection wetland. Qionghai tourist resort is one of the first 17 national tourist resorts. Luoji Mountain is the natural museum for Quaternary ancient glacier, the altitude for main peak is 4,359 meters. Lugu Lake is located on the cross of Quanzhou Yanyuan and Yunnan Ninglang. The water area covers 58.8 km2 and the depth of water is over 40 meters. The water capacity is 950 million cubic meters, 2/3 of the water area is in Quanzhou. Xichang Satellite Launch Center is one of the four space launch sites in China.
Liangshan Yi ethnic group live in this amazing natural scenery area with its ancient culture and amazing legends. This area still keeps its unsophisticated and unique culture traditions. People here create its distinctive and excellent astronomy, astrology and calendar. Yanyuan Lugu Lake Mosuo culture is the remaining matrilineal culture throughout the world. This culture is remained rarely and has high academic and tourism value.
Liangshan Yi people's costumes are very colorful and unique. The costumes are different in colors and styles with strong regional specialty, because there are many branches of Yi nationality and they live scattered. It is cold for the whole year in Liangshan and the climate does not change a lot. So Yi people’s clothing is not seasonal, they wear Chaerwa (a kind of blanket) throughout the year. Man has a bun on the top of the head. Yi people call it as ‘Zier’ or ‘Zimu’. This is an ancient traditional costume. Girl has single braid and wear earrings made of red cotton or stone. The flower pattern is on the back neck and cuff of women top clothes. The neckline is decorated with gold, silver jewelry and jade. The costume for young people of Yi nationality are very colorful. They like red, yellow, green, orange and pink. The patterns are complicated and varied. The costume for middle age Yi people will be simple. They use the color as sky blue, green, purple, and white. Old Yi people wear green or blue clothes without patterns.
Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture - Top 10 Charmin g Cities in China (awarded on 15 December 2017).
2018 Charming Cities in China - Potential City for Cultural Tourism Development (awarded in December 2018).